Effect of Maitland mobilization on lumbar proprioception, pain, and disability in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain
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Basic Science Department, Faculty of Physical Therapy, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Department of Medical Divisions, National Research Center, Giza, Egypt
Submission date: 2022-06-29
Acceptance date: 2022-09-06
Publication date: 2023-03-27
Physiother Quart. 2023;31(4):87-92
To investigate the short-term effect of Maitland mobilization on lumbar proprioception, pain intensity, and functional disability in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP).

Fifty-four subjects aged 18–30 years old with CNSLBP were randomly assigned into two groups. The experimental group received a selected exercise program (stretching, strengthening, and lumbar stabilization exercises) and Maitland posterior-anterior vertebral mobilization three sessions /week, whereas the control group received exercises only. Lumbar repositioning error (LRE), pain intensity, and function disability were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer, visual analog scale (VAS), and the Arabic version of the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), respectively. Measurements were taken at baseline and four weeks after intervention.

Within-group analysis showed a significant decrease in LRE, VAS, and ODI after treatment (p < 0.001). Between-group analysis revealed a significant difference between groups post-intervention favoring the Maitland mobilization group (p < 0.001) where the mean differences at 95% confidence interval were (–2.10, –1.36) for LRE, (–34.53, –25.61) for VAS and (–9, –7.07) for ODI.

Maitland lumbar mobilization is effective in improving lumbar proprioception, pain intensity, and functional disability in patients with CNSLBP.

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