Factors influencing quality of life in patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing physiotherapeutic control at primary care in Chile
More details
Hide details
School of Kinesiology, Universidad Bernardo O’Higgins, Santiago de Chile, Chile
Servicio de Salud Metropolitano Oriente, Santiago de Chile, Chile
School of Kinesiology, Universidad Andrés Bello, Santiago de Chile, Chile
Laboratory of Biomechanics, Centre for Health and Sports Sciences, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Brazil
Submission date: 2020-01-14
Acceptance date: 2020-03-18
Publication date: 2020-11-23
Physiother Quart. 2020;28(4):48-54
The study aimed to determine if quality of life was affected by urinary symptoms, respiratory and emotional functions, or socio-demographic variables among people with chronic respiratory diseases who attended a healthcare visit in a primary care program in Santiago de Chile.

The observational cross-sectional study included 93 patients (62 with asthma and 31 with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Chronic Respiratory Questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life, and a self-report questionnaire reported the comorbidities (arterial hypertension, depression, diabetes mellitus, and lower back pain). The International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form and the modified Medical Research Council dyspnoea scale served to assess urinary incontinence and respiratory symptoms, respectively. Data were analysed with hierarchical multiple linear regression.

Urinary incontinence occurred in 31.2% of the participants, mainly while coughing or sneezing (n = 24). Around 66.6% of them self-reported their health status as regular/bad/very bad. The presence of urinary incontinence, depression, and higher dyspnoea (R2 = 0.54) was associated with worse quality of life.

Urinary incontinence, depressive symptoms, and higher dyspnoea negatively impact on the quality of life of people with chronic respiratory diseases and require more attention in clinical management and research.

Journals System - logo
Scroll to top